Polarization and socio-political tensions in Honduras have deepened the gap between the different social sectors, especially among the government and civil society. The fragility of public institutions, impunity, political clientelism, corruption, and the influence of organized crime are the main causes of persistent political violence, criminal violence and socio-environmental conflicts. At the same time the security and justice sector is dysfunctional as there is no real separation of powers, the army is fulfilling public security functions and there are high levels of corruption in the police force.
According to local stakeholders, one of the main problems in Honduras is that there has not been a sufficient and inclusive reform of the security sector which has led to more insecurity and violence. The institutional problems related to the country’s security system need to be addressed to build sustainable peace.
For Interpeace, the reform of the security sector is an essential step to build peace in the country. However, the reform process needs to adopt a participative approach that fosters legitimacy and ownership among the different actors involved.
A wide range of actors, that is representing the different sectors of society and is seen as legitimate, needs to support a consensus for a security sector reform. This will improve the institutions in charge of security and consequently reduce violence.
Through an inclusive approach, Interpeace seeks to bridge the gap among key actors of civil society. Interpeace also aims to eventually broaden the dialogue to involve state actors. At the same time, Interpeace’s programme in Honduras is building on its previous work with the sports clubs and aims to engage them in a dialogue with the state and the civil society.