Kenya

Contexte

The Kenya programme has so far focused on the country’s North, which has been particularly affected by unaddressed historical grievances and persisting social and economic inequalities. Interpeace has been active in Kenya since 2014, when it signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the National Cohesion and Integration Commission (NCIC); a government agency mandated to foster lasting peace and cohesion between Kenya’s various ethnic communities. This partnership was first put into practice in Mandera County, where it has achieved significant peace gains since 2016. NCIC and Interpeace interventions succeeded in largely stopping cyclical communal violence and in establishing local peacebuilding infrastructures that are widely able to manage intermittent clashes. Given this track-record, NCIC recommended in the 2018 report Footprints for Peace to adopt the approach from Mandera County as a model for locally owned and locally driven peacebuilding architectures in all the 47 counties of Kenya. After conducting rapid fragility and resilience assessments in Wajir County and the North Rift, spanning across the county borders of Turkana, West Pokot, Elgeyo Marakwet, Baringo and Samburu, NCIC and Interpeace therefore scaled up their activities to these regions in 2019. While peace, especially in the North Rift, remains very fragile, NCIC’s and Interpeace’s work has begun to bear fruits. This is illustrated by the 2021 Orwa 1 Peace Accord that put an end to decades of cyclical conflict in the Kapedo-Lokori corridor.

Looking ahead, the programme will focus on expanding its geographical footprint to a wider number of communities, particularly in Marsabit and Laikipia counties and across the border to Ethiopia and Somalia in the Mandera triangle. It will further deepen the peace gains achieved thus far by strengthening self-sustaining community-level peace infrastructures. This will be done by working closely with the Network for Peace, Cohesion and Heritage (NEPCOH) Trust, a local peacebuilding organization that emerged from the programme’s engagement in Mandera to support grassroots peace structures. Interpeace will also explore opportunities to work across other sectors, including by supporting development and humanitarian agencies to be more peace responsive and by addressing the intersections of peacebuilding with climate change, as well as mental health.

But


L'objectif du programme est de contribuer à faire progresser la paix, la sécurité et le développement dans les comtés fragiles du Kenya en transformant les communautés de base en agents de paix, capables de gérer leur conflit par des moyens non violents.

Initiatives


Support to violence prevention in selected fragile Counties of Kenya in the 2022 General Elections

The project is a follow-up to the Interpeace-NCIC peace and stabilization program that was implemented from 2019-2021 in the Northern counties of Mandera, Wajir, Turkana, Samburu, West-Pokot, Baringo and Elgeyo-Marakwet. It builds on the significant successes of the last phase, which saw the cessation of hostilities and the signing of several peace accords in Mandera and the North Rift, as well as...



NCIC-Interpeace Marsabit County Peacebuilding Programme – Stabilisation Phase

The project responds to the recent intensification of violence in the decade-old conflict in Marsabit County and aims to prevent a further escalation in the context of the 2022 Kenyan general elections, while laying the foundations for a longer-term peacebuilding engagement. Upon request from the County Government of Marsabit and the Marsabit County Commissioner, a joint NCIC-Interpeace team carri...


Past initiatives


Strengthening cross-clan collaboration

In April 2018, the Mandera Peacebuilding Programme facilitated the safe return of 19,000 people displaced in an upsurge of fighting and killings between the Degodia and Garre clans in Banisa Sub-County. Following the displacement of 32,000 people in the conflict, the peacebuilding team mobilized an all-inclusive, cross-clan peace process that brought together 252 stakeholders with the objective of...



Promoting co-existence through film

The programme has used Audio-visual documentary film as a critical tool for the documentation and dissemination of its peacebuilding efforts – film has been used as a conflict early warning and prevention tool. Through film screenings, out-of-reach rural communities have been informed of cross-clan agreements and the research findings on the challenges and solutions to peace in Mandera. The film...



Fostering the role of women in peacebuilding processes

To promote the positive role women can have in building peace, the peacebuilding team mobilized 25 women who are opinion leaders to participate in the Banisa intervention. These women were able to share their opinions and concerns around sexual harassment and assault with security officials, leading to a recognition on the part of leaders that the participation and engagement of women in peacebuil...



Supporting youth platforms for leadership in peace, reconciliation and governance

As part of our objective to support cross-clan initiatives to prevent radicalization, promote conflict management and address community security concerns, the programme works with a select group of youth leaders to reinvigorate a youth platform named the Mandera County Vital Voices Network (MCVVN) for leadership in peace and reconciliation. In 2018, the youth platform organized 72 youth-led dialog...



Addressing violent extremism

The Mandera programme has been the lead agency steering discussions around the development of the Mandera County Action Plan on Countering Violent Extremism (CVE). This was attributed to its known expertise in Participatory Action Research (PAR). Furthermore, the Mandera programme has led an effort to improve relations and trust between security agencies and the local communities, particularly ...


Ressources