The Ethiopian Peace Index
Peace in Ethiopia has long faced significant challenges, with recent events in the Northern as well as other parts of the country exacerbating the already delicate situation. To promote social cohesion and reconciliation, reflection internal to the country is needed, along with an appraisal of the native, existing capacities that could promote lasting peace at the local, regional and national levels. This pilot study presents the first deployment of the Ethiopian Peace Index (EPI), a participatory, quantitative research tool designed to measure a broad range of peace factors and the relationships between them. With its evidence base grounded in statistical analyses, the Ethiopian Peace Index seeks to inform peacebuilding design and improve the focus and effectiveness of work in this area by identifying the drivers of peacefulness and cohesion and so proposing entry points for transformative interventions. The EPI is a flexible tool which provides a quantitative evidence base that can (and should) be revisited and reanalysed as new needs and research questions arise. This report provides in-depth analysis of peacefulness and conflict, food security, mental well-being, and gender equality outcomes in the regions under study. In each case, the underlying drivers of these outcomes are drawn out, outlining the way forward with optimum impact. For this pilot study, the EPI was deployed in three regions in the south of Ethiopia: Sidama, the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP), and the South West Ethiopia Peoples’ (SWEP) regions. Surveys were used to collect data from randomly selected participants: 808 citizens, 101 traditional leaders and 101 Kebele administrators.