Context

Morocco has often been presented by observers as one of the exceptions of the “Arab Spring”. It was able to pre-empt and stave off popular protests led by the February 20th Movement in 2011 by promulgating a new constitution that paved the way for political and economic liberalization. A moderate Islamist party, Justice and Development, came to power following the first free elections in the country. The new political reforms, welcomed by the population and the international community, were nonetheless slow to be established by law, and did not prevent a part of the population from feeling economically and socially marginalized. In particular, there has been a marked clampdown on liberties since 2014. By 2016 a new wave of popular protests, locally known as the Hirak, has brought hundreds of thousands of protesters to the streets, joined by labor unions and students. The arrival of a new government in 2017 has favored the resumption of dialogue, but tripartite discussions carried out throughout 2018 on wages and social rights between trade unions, employers and the government have not yet led to any agreement, as each stakeholder stands firmly on their positions.

In the context of social unrest and unresolved grievances, it is crucial for traditional and new actors in the Moroccan civil society to join forces and promote constructive dialogue with the government, aimed at providing peaceful and viable solutions to the population’s demands.



Goal

Our conflict transformation program aims to enhance social dialogue among actors of Moroccan civil society, between CSOs and their communities, and between CSOs and the authorities through the strengthening of their conflict transformation and dialogue capacities.



Strengthening Conflict Transformation Capacities

The initiative seeks to strengthen the conflict transformation capacities of key Moroccan civil society organizations, with a view to enhance social dialogue in Morocco. Through a series of trainings, workshops and dialogue sessions, Interpeace will work with participants to hone their ability to peacefully discuss, listen to each other and progress together towards the quest for constructive and non-violent solutions to the country’s socio-economic and political challenges. By 2020, 21 civil society organizations participating in the program will have increased their knowledge and integration of key conflict transformation approaches and tools, as well as developed mutual understanding and increased their levels of collaboration. The initiative is supported by the Human Security Division (HSD) of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA).

Resources