Libya

Contexte

Interpeace has been engaged in Libya since 2011. The work was launched through an initial in-depth actor and issue mapping process that covered the entire country. Since then, the core objective of the programme is to establish an infrastructure for peace in Libya. This was originally inspired by a pilot phase in the South West, which by 2014 included a mapping process that consulted over 500 Libyans on obstacles to peace and stability in the country. After violence between various political camps broke out in mid-2014 and impeded planned programming, Interpeace launched its ‘peacemapping’ project. Instead of focusing on the violence, this study investigated the dynamics in communities that stayed peaceful while being surrounded by instability. This highlighted the numerous, but less visible, resilience inherent in Libyan communities that have remained relatively stable despite the conflict. It also shed light on factors that positively contribute towards this resilience, thereby indicating useful entry points for stabilization initiatives.

Building on this research, the programme entered its second phase, which sought to strengthen local capacity for resilience through dialogue and gradually built pockets of stability across the country. The programme established and trained a network of about 200 Change Agents, Libyans of all ages, genders and social status that are embedded and central to their communities. The Change Agents have received specialised training in conflict analysis and transformation, dialogue facilitation, conflict resolution, and mediation to be peacebuilders within their communities. This network is central to Interpeace’s work in Libya. It anchors local conflict resolution capacities across the country and is a starting point for a local infrastructure for peace. It is currently being mobilised to understand conflict dynamics in Libya’s South and to understand local reconciliation priorities. Moving forward, Interpeace seeks to build a cross-sectoral multi-level alliance for MHPSS, Peacebuilding and Development with the objective to addressing the multidimensional needs of Libyans in an integrated way.

But


A decade of political unrest and violence has left behind deep scars. Interpeace’s work at the community level and specialized studies have revealed the multidimensional nature of the scars, with mental health in particular playing an important role for reconciliation. Multidimensional needs require multidimensional solutions, which is why Interpeace launched a cross-sectoral approach to identify MHPSS, peacebuilding and livelihoods needs in an integrated way, under the umbrella of reconciliation. A key part of this is the generation of evidence-based knowledge through cross-sectoral consultations with health- and development practitioners and community members.

Initiatives


Reweaving the Social Fabric: Enabling Reconciliation

The Libyan national political and reconciliation processes still fail to address a decade of political unrest and respond to the needs of people. The protracted conflict and over a decade of unresolved grievances continue to negatively affect individuals’ mental wellbeing. Mental health is not prioritized at institutional level, and heavily stigmatized at societal level, preventing people from a...



Conducting Conflict Analyses to Inform Evidence-Based Interventions Supporting Recovery, Stability and Socio-Economic Development in South of Li...

Community-based interventions on the basis of deep contextual insights are crucial to any programme. This project launches a participatory conflict analysis process with the objective to develop peacebuilding pathways for a development actor in Libya. It seeks to generate evidence on how local drivers and capacities for peace can be channelled within the context of a multi-year development program...


Past initiatives


Strengthening Local Cohesion in Libya: A Pathway to Lasting Peace

Between 2015 and 2016, six communities were covered by the peacemapping process. It has since grown to 13 communities, where it has been leading regular consultative processes in the West and South. Consultations with various stakeholders and preparatory work was carried out to expand further to an additional six communities in the East of the country. In 2018, the programme established a network ...