Strategic aim 2: 
Resilience for peace

Interpeace’s flagship guidance note on resilience, A Framework for Assessing Resilience for Peace, defines resilience as “the diverse endogenous attributes, capacities, resources and responses, that potentially enable individuals, communities, institutions and societies to deal peacefully with the impact of past conflict and violence, as well as to prevent new and emerging patterns of conflict and violence.”[1] This definition has continued to guide Interpeace. Through tracking, measurement and learning, Interpeace is gaining in understanding how resilience for peace can be further enhanced so as to better support those communities and societies in which it works.

A total of 2 452 158 people were reached by project activities in 2023. Approximately 32% of participants were women and 43% were young people (the age cut-off for “young” varies by context). This includes reach through dialogues, training, media campaigns and collective action activities.

[1] Framework for Assessing Resilience Guidance Note, p. 11.

Interpeace activity reach in 2023

Number of people reached
Burkina Faso
2 083
2 356 341
Côte d’Ivoire
3 600
Democratic Republic of the Congo
4 237
19 851
Finance for Peace
Grand Lacs
1 011
1 920
16 708
Number of people reached
Peace Responsiveness
Policy Learning Advisory cross-cutting
Rethinking Stability
30 000
5 163
8 660
Youth, Peace and Security; Human rights

Individual resilience and change agency

Interpeace’s strategy envisages the organisation establishing and expanding networks of in-country change agents who are capacitated to build and sustain conflict prevention and resolution as well as social cohesion in their local communities. Through Interpeace’s experience in Burundi, Rwanda and elsewhere, and illuminated by Interpeace’s Mind the Peace report, psychosocial well-being can serve as an enabling factor for people to regain a sense of hope, feel empowered to make positive change in their lives and actively participate socially, civically and economically in their communities. Yet, well-being alone is not sufficient for individuals to be agents of change in their communities. Skills building through training and accompaniment and other types of technical and financial support are necessary.

To support people to become agents of change, in 2023, Interpeace delivered (Figure 7):

Figure 7 Number of people trained by topic

24 30 30 45 52 59 79 92 95 95 97 116 127 148 150 440 743 750 948 1006 1044 3417 4929 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Positive masculinity and parenting FCDC sector forum Non violent communication Multimedia: using audiovisual materials for comms & Project management of small grants Using social media to enhance political participation UN-CSO Dialogue Knowledge exchange / cross-country learning Associative life and project development Resource mobilisation and management, communication Peace Finance Women leadership and participation in governance Collaborative security management (public participation Peace actors collaboration, ethical guideline Critical thinking and context analysis Advocacy tools and approaches Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Life/socioemotional skills Psychoeducation training Conflict sensitivity and peace responsiveness Economic development / livelihoods / TVET Confilct analysis, management, prevention, resolution Political fovernance and participation/civic action Number of training participants

Community safety, cohesion and inclusion

Community safety, cohesion and inclusion are intrinsically linked aspects of resilience building, and community structures are fundamental to advancing them in enduring ways. In 2023, Interpeace supported 169 peace structures through 15 programmes. Some 76% of the supported infrastructures were at local level, 20% at national level, 2% at cross-border/regional level, and 2% at international level (Figure 8).

Figure 8 Levels of peace infraestructure supported

Cross - border/Regional level 2% International level 2% Local level 76% National level 20%

Community structures are key entry points to engaging communities in dialogues to non-violently and non-coercively resolve conflict. A total of 456 dialogue activities conducted in 2023 reached 15 888 people. Some 26% of the dialogue participants were adult women and 29% were young people.

Figure 9 Dialogue activities

8672 4462 1984 436 334 216 184 31 13 12 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 0 50 100 150 200 250 Inter group dialogues Intra group dialogues Dialogues with authorities Intergenerational dialogues Dialogues with security and defense Forces Number of people reached Number of dialogues conducted

Table 3 Conflicts addressed per country

Conflict addressed
Democratic Republic of the Congo

While community structures serve as infrastructure for peace, Interpeace has also supported other actors, such as training mediators, local authorities, higher-level state actors, religious leaders and others, in their efforts to manage and transform conflicts. A primary entry point is through training on conflict transformation methodologies such as conflict analysis and dialogue facilitation. In total, 3 417 people were trained in such methodologies in 2023.

These actors addressed a total of 495 conflicts (Table 3).

In 2023, 42% of conflicts were addressed by mediators trained by Interpeace, compared to 13% of conflicts in 2022. This demonstrates Interpeace’s recognition of the importance of developing localised capacity and of working in that direction, so that local conflicts can be more effectively managed.

These significant changes in security required close co-ordination and collaboration with both community actors and security institutions. In each of these contexts, Interpeace has either a formal or informal relationship with security actors. This co-ordination is part of Interpeace’s efforts to render the actions of national institutions more peace responsive (further information below) and to enhance the trustworthiness of national institutions and, consequently, trust between these institutions and populations.