Interpeace started working in Libya in 2011 with an in-depth actor and issue mapping process that covered the whole country. As a direct result of that engagement Interpeace developed a programme aiming at establishing an infrastructure for peace in Libya with a pilot phase in the South West.
By mid-2014, the programme had been able to make significant progress. Interpeace’s local team succeeded in putting together a diverse team that used Interpeace’s methodology to map people’s views on obstacles to peace and stability from Sebha to Ghat, as well as priorities for lasting peace. The mapping process concluded with more than 500 Libyans consulted in the South. A document capturing the broad array of perspectives was written with the goal of informing future expansion to other communities across the country.
However, by mid-2014 tensions between various Libyan political camps have spelled into the open. Fighting spread rapidly from Tripoli to Benghazi and other parts of the country. Divisions that had been simmering underneath since the revolution exploded across the political spectrum as two political alliances vied for power, control and legitimacy. In Tripoli, the Libya Dawn alliance formed around the General National Congress (GNC) and largely Islamist-leaning armed groups. In Tobruk, an alliance formed around the House of Representatives (HoR) with Khalifa Hafter’s self-declared Libyan National Army (LNA) as its armed wing. Elsewhere across the country tribal clashes wreaked havoc on the country’s already fragile social fabric, community relations, and nascent state institutions.
This development made it increasingly difficult for Interpeace to proceed with its programme activities. Expanding acts of violence and deteriorating security conditions led Interpeace to significantly reduce the scope of the programme. While initially, the programme intended a gradual expansion at the national level, the context only allowed for an in-depth consultation process in the South.
Despite scaling back operations due to the conflict Interpeace continued to assess potential opportunities for reengagement in Libya. In the lead up to the signing of the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA), Interpeace resumed its engagement in the country by the end of 2015 with a ‘peacemapping’ project. This new phase sought to highlight the numerous but less visible resilient Libyan communities that have remained relatively stable despite the conflict. The project’s key belief was that understanding the conditions and coping mechanisms these communities have developed to deal with conflict and extracting lessons learned from them could compliment national and international dialogue initiatives in the country and contribute to the overall peacebuilding and reconciliation agenda for Libya.